Resumen: The secularization phenomenon finds in modern art one of its clearest expressions. It is an eminently subversive art, which rebels against any external agent that tries to direct its march and in a particularly decisive way regarding its traditional links with religion. In the North of Chile, however, religious dances, which hold a centuries-old tradition, will assume a role similar to that of modern art during the twentieth century, thus becoming a countercultural expression through which the establishment of the labor movement will be articulated.

Palabras clave: Art, Secularization, Popular religion.